UNITED

STATES

COURT

OF

APPEALS

FOR

THE

SECOND

CIRCUIT

VERMONT

RAILWAY,

INC.

Plaintiff-Appellee

v.

TOWN

OF

SHELBURNE

Defendant-Appellant

Appeal

from

the

United

States

District

Court

For

the

District

of

Vermont

BRIEF

OF

THE

DEFENDANT-APPELLANT,

TOWN

OF

SHELBURNE

Claudine

C.

Safar,

Esq.

Monaghan

Safar

Ducham

PLLC

156

Battery

Street

Burlington,

VT

05401

(802)

660-4735

csafar@msdvt.com

Counsel

for

Defendant-Appellant

TABLE

OF

CONTENTS

Brief

Pages

Table

of

Authorities

................................

:

.........................................

.

ii

STATEMENT

ON

JURISDICTION

.......................................................

1

STATEMENT

OF

THE

ISSUE

ON

APPEAL

............................................

1

STATEMENT

OF

THE

CASE

.............................................................

1

I.

NATURE

OF

THE

CASE

...................................................

1

II.

THE

FACILITY

................................................................

2

III.

PRIOR

LITIGATION

........................................................

.4

IV.

THE

ORDINANCE

...........................................................

6

V.

THE

INJUNCTION

HEARINGS

...........................................

8

VI.

THE

DISTRICT

COURT'S

DECEMBER

7,

2017

OPINION

AND

ORDER

.................................................................................................

9

SUMMARY

OF

THE

ARGUMENT

.....................................................

12

ARGUMENT

.................................................................................

13

I.

STANDARD

OF

REVIEW

................................................

13

II.

INTERSTATE

COMMERCE

COMMISSION

TERMINATION

ACT

.............................................................................

14

III.

THE

TWO-PRONG

TEST

FOR

DETERMINING

THE

PERMISSIBILITY

OF

A

POST-CONSTRUCTION

LAW

...........

29

IV.

THE

DISTRICT

COURT

ERRED

WHEN

IT

DETERMINED

THAT

THE

ORDINANCE

DISCRIMINATES

AGAINST

RAIL

CARRIERS

AND

UNREASONABLY

BURDENS

RAIL

CARRIAGE

..................................................................

31

V.

PERMANENT

INJUNCTION

ANALYSIS

..............................

56

CONCLUSION

..............................................................................

57

1

Table

of

Authorities

Brief

Pages

CASES

Adrian

&

Blissfield

R.R.

Co.

v.

Village

of

Blissfield

550

F.3d

533

(6th

Cir.

2008)

.......................................................

30

Dan's

City

Used

Cars,

Inc.

v.

Pelkey

569

u.s.

251

(2013)

.................................................................

28

Emerson

v.

Kansas

City

S.

Ry.

Co.

503

F.3d

1126

(lOth

Cir.

2007)

................................................

22,

24

Florida

East

Coast

Ry.

Co.

v.

City

of

West

Palm

Beach

266

F.3d

1324

(11th

Cir.

2001)

...............................................

.15,

16

Goodspeed

Airport

LLC

v.

East

Haddam

Inland

Wetlands

and

Watercourse.

Comm'n,

634

F.3d

206

(2d

Cir.

2011)

.............................................

13

Green

Mountain

R.R.

Corp.

v.

Vermont

404

F.3d

638

(2d

Cir.

2005)

...................................................

18,

29

Grosso

v.

Surface

Transp.

Bd.

804

F.3d

110

(1st

Cir.

2015)

..........................................

16,

21, 22,

28

In

re

Methyl

Tertiary

Butyl

Ether

(MTBE)

Prod.

Liab.

Litig.

725

F.3d

65

(2d

Cir.

2013)

................................................

.46,

47,

50

Ferguson

v.

Skrupa

372

u.s.

726

(1963)

............................................................

10,

12

In

re

Vermont

Ry.

769

A.2d

648

(Vt.

2000)

....................................................

14,

26,

27

League

of

Wilderness

Defenders

v.

Connaughton

752

F.3d

755

(9th

Cir.

2014)

......................................................

.44

11

Brief

Pages

Napier

v.

Atlantic

Coast

LineR.

Co.

272

U.S.

605

(1926)

.................................................................

17

New

York

SMSA

Ltd.

P'ship

v.

Town

of

Clarkstown

612

F.3d

97

(2d

Cir.

2010)

.........................................................

13

New

York

Susquehanna

&

Western

Ry.

Corp.

v.

Jackson

500

F.3d

238

(3d

Cir.

2007)

...............................................

29,

30,

31

Norfolk

Southern

Ry.

Co.

v.

City

of

Alexandria

608

F.3d

150

(4th

Cir.

2010)

.......................................................

29

PCS

Phosphate

Co.

v.

Norfolk

S.

Corp.

559

F.3d

212

(4th

Cir.

2009)

...................................................

30,

43

Pike

v.

Bruce

Church,

Inc.

397

U.S.

137

(1970)

............................................................

30,

43

Rice

v.

Santa

Fe

Elevator

Corp.

331

u.s.

218

(1947)

.................................................................

17

Rowe

v.

New

Hampshire

Motor

Transp.

Ass'n

552

U.S.

364

(2008)

............................................................

27,

28

Town

of

Brookhaven

v.

Sills

Road

Realty

LLC

No.

CV

14-2286

(GRB),

2014

WL

2854659,

(E.D.N.Y.

June

23,

2014)

......................................................

35,

44

United

Transp.

Union-Illinois

Legislative

Bd.

v.

Surface

Transp.

Bd.

183

F.3d

606

(7th

Cir.

1999)

.......................................................

20

Union

Pac.

R.

Co.

v.

Chicago

Transit

Auth.

No.

07-CV-229,

2009

WL

448897

(N.D.

Ill.

Feb.

23,

2009)

...................

16

Weinberger

v.

Romero-Barcelo

456

u.s.

305

(1982)

.................................................................

56

111

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